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Designing and evaluating techniques to mitigate misinformation spread on microblogging web services

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dc.contributor.author Gupta, Aditi
dc.contributor.author Kumaraguru, Ponnurangam (Advisor)
dc.date.accessioned 2015-07-08T10:13:17Z
dc.date.available 2015-07-08T10:13:17Z
dc.date.issued 2015-07-08T10:13:17Z
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iiitd.edu.in/jspui/handle/123456789/277
dc.description.abstract Online social media is a powerful platform for dissemination of information during important real- world events. Beyond the challenges of volume, variety and velocity of content generated on online social media, veracity poses a much greater challenge for effective utilization of this content by citizens, organizations, and authorities. Veracity of information refers to the trustworthiness / credibility / accuracy / completeness of the content. Over last few years social media has also been used to disseminate misinformation in the form of rumors, hoaxes, fake images, and videos. We aim to address this challenge of veracity or trustworthiness of content posted on social media. The spread of such untrustworthy content online has caused the loss of money, infrastructure and threat to human lives in the onl ine world. We focus our work on Twitter, which is one of the most popular microblogging web service today. We provide an in-depth analysis of misinformation spread on Twitter during real-world events. We propose and evaluate automated techniques to mitigate misinformation spread in real-time. The main contributions of this work are: (i) we analyzed how true versus false content is propagated through the Twitter network, with the purpose of assessing the reliability of Twitter as an information source during real-world events; (ii) we showed the effectiveness of automated techniques to detect misinformation on Twitter using a combination of content, meta-data, network, user pro le and temporal features; (iii) we developed and deployed a novel framework for providing indication of trustworthiness / credibility of tweets posted during events. We evaluated the effectiveness of this real-time system with a live deployment used by real Twitter users. First, we analyzed Twitter data for 25+ global events from 2011-2014 for the spread of fake images, rumors, and untrustworthy content. Some of the prominent events analyzed by us are: Mumbai blasts (2011), England Riots (2011), Hurricane Sandy (2012), Boston Marathon Blasts (2013), Polar Vortex (2014). We identified tens of thousands of tweets containing fake images, rumors, fake websites, and by malicious user pro files for these events. We performed an in-depth characterization study of how this false versus the true data is introduced and disseminated in the Twitter network. Second, we showed how features of meta-data, network, event and temporatl from user-generated content can be used e effectively to detect misinformation and predict its propagation during real- world events. Third, we proposed and evaluated an automated methodology for assessing credibility of information in tweets using supervised machine learning and relevance feedback approach. We developed and deployed a real-time version in TweetCred, a system that assigns a credibility score to tweets. TweetCred, available as a browser plug-in, has been installed and used by 1,808 real Twitter users. During ten months of its deployment, the credibility score for about 12 million tweets was computed, allowing us to evaluate TweetCred in terms of accuracy, performance, effectiveness and usability. The system TweetCred built as part of this thesis work is used e ectively by emergency responders, re ghters, journalists and general users to obtain credible content from Twitter. This thesis work has shown that measuring credibility of the Twitter content is possible using semi-automated techniques, and the results can be valuable to the real-world users. The insights obtained from this research and deployment provide a basis for building more sophisticated technology to tackle similar problems on diff rent social media. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Mitigate en_US
dc.subject Microblogging en_US
dc.subject Misinformation en_US
dc.title Designing and evaluating techniques to mitigate misinformation spread on microblogging web services en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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